Have you ever wondered how women have been integrated into sports, specifically in schools? Well it is because of Title IX Amendment passed in 1972, which protects people from discrimination based on sex in education programs or activities that receive federal financial assistance. This passed as a follow up to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which was more focused on discrimination based on race.
During the early 1970s, feminists fought to have sex discrimination added to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Before Title IX was passed, there was an executive order in place by President Lyndon Johnson that forbade discrimination in federal contracts. The National Organization for Women had persuaded Johnson through lobbying to include women. Title IX was passed in order to fill this gap and prohibit discrimination in all federally funded education programs.
Title IX has had an enormous impact on females in schools, specifically athletes. It has helped for more females to be involved in athletics, as it has given them equal opportunities. This is true at Memorial, as there is an equal amount of boys and girls sports. For instance, when rugby was added as a sport for boys, lacrosse was given to the girls.
Title IX was a sweeping pass of legislation in the fight for equality for women. It has had a great impact on women in athletics, and continues to be relevant today. This Women’s History Month is so important because it showcases how women fought for equal rights and the different pieces of legislation that improved their rights.